What it is Dédalo?
(Dédalo = Daedalus) In Greek mythology, Daedalus (Daídalos) was an architect and very capable, famous craftsman by to have constructed the labyrinth of Crete.
Dédalo also gives name to a developing platform of management of Intangible Cultural Heritage or Oral History.
What is the Intangible Cultural Heritage?
According to the "Convention od UNESCO for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage", meeting in Paris in October of 2003. The "Intangible Cultural Heritage" means the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills – as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cultural spaces associated therewith – that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage. This intangible cultural heritage, transmitted from generation to generation, is constantly recreated by communities and groups in response to their environment, their interaction with nature and their history, and provides them with a sense of identity and continuity, thus promoting respect for cultural diversity and human creativity. For the purposes of this Convention, consideration will be given solely to such intangible cultural heritage as is compatible with existing international human rights instruments, as well as with the requirements of mutual respect among communities, groups and individuals, and of sustainable development.
What is the objective of the project?
Dédalo has the following objectives:
1.- To promote the adquisition, registry and diffusion of the Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History.
2.- The diffusion or comunication of the Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History efficiently.
3.- To catalogue efficiently the Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History.
4.- To serve as tool for the Investigation of the Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History.
5.- To be a platform opened to any cross-sectional study within the investigation related to the Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History, (linguistic, semantic, population Analyses of sort, differences, beliefs, traditions….).
To whom it goes directed the Dédalo system?
To any Institution, Museum, or Individual, that have in its collections Intangible Cultural Heritage or Oral History and need a tool that manages it and spreads efficiently.
What is the funtion of the Dédalo system?
Dédalo is a system that allows the management of the Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History of efficient way. Dédalo allows to handle thousands of hours of audio-visual recordings and manages, text, audio video and relating thematic indices to textual fragments related to audio-visual material.
If you want see an example you can go to the web and see as it is managed in:
How much cost the Dédalo System?
The development of Dédalo is sustained in a license (GLP) of free software.
Therefore the tool is gratuitous and of free distribution.
All underlying tecnologies are distribution free and therefore gratuitous.
How much time it costs to mount a work system (hardware and networks)?
The shorter and easy answer is:
It depends. From 0 € to the infinite (and beyond).
The larger and not so easy answer is:
The system can be mounted in a normal and current computer and can be even consulted from this computer, without needing network. Therefore, the basic configuration would cost the price of that computer.
If what we needed is a service to several transcribers, indexers, with systems of RAID storage and backup, for thousands of interviews, consultable and accessible through Internet to thousands of users etc.
The price of this option can surpass the hundreds of thousands of €, plus the cost of maintenance, formation…
Then, what is the hardware option that I need?
If you need an installation project you can request it to any company that dedicates to the service and maintenance of Webs.
Between the members of the project, there are specialized companies that offer all the necessary services and advising for the formation, instalation and maintenance of the necessary systems.
Why free software?
We belive that all institutions, museums or individuals that want to participate in the adquisition, safeguard, and diffusion of the Intangible Cultural Heritage and Oral History, it would have to be able to manage it efficient and accessible way, regardless of the economic power that can support an investigation project.
We belive in the democratization of the Knowledge.
We belive in the gratuitous access to the Culture.
We belive in the power of new tecnologies.
And we want to be able to bring near the Culture of gratuitous way.
We believe that being in a common platform and freely available, will consolidate existing databases, allowing one efficient and cross-sectional searches within a unified system.
The audiovisual management has been always very expensive and only accessible to the large institutions, one common plataform of free software can help that the small projects see the light.
A common platform it means that I will not have, or I will lose the control on the data (interviews, songs….)?
Dédalo is designed so that each Institution, Museum or Individual, install it in your workplace, in your computer equipment, in your hard disks, or in your Internet server... the information always will be in the controlled place that you choose.
What is needed to begin to work?
- One computer that make server functions.
- One small intranet (not yet being essential, if that is highly recommendable).
- One client Pc/Mac (although the own server can make the function of client is highly recommendable not to use the same machine).
- Digitize or Scan the Patrimonial collection.
I don´t have Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History in my collection, but I'm thinking about beginning to make one new collection.
What is the first step that would have to give?
Although we dedicated ourselves to the management once already have been realised the adquisition of material (sonorous interviews, recordings,…), whenever somebody asks to us if to dedicate to more time to the management of the heritage or the adquisition and recording, we answer that the fundamental thing is the adquisition. Without the adquisition it is not possible to be catalogued nor to be investigated. Decidedly, go out to make the recordings, the management of those recordings already will arrive.
I have a lot of interviews, songs... what is the first step that that would have to give?
This is our favorite question; if this is your case, Dédalo is done for you. Dédalo is a system that will help you to order, to catalogue, and to recover all the information that now you have in tapes, cassettes, Cd's…
The first step is digitize all material that is in analogical format and is quite fundamental since the analogical material is deteriorated with time. If you can't digitize with your own means we recomended that you contract it externally. You can follow our recommendations.
The next step is download and install Dédalo. (www.fmomo.org)
If you don´t have technical knowledge or you need a project of installation and personalization, you can contract to any company that dedicated to the management of the web pages. Between the members of the project, there are specialized companies that offer all the necessary services and advising for the formation, instalation and maintenance of the necessary systems.
As of the moment in which you will have working Dédalo, internally or externally, you will can be able to manage from a single user, who will realise each and every one of the parts (Transcription, Indexing…) until projects with several people dedicated to every part of work that Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History need for the management, Interviews, Speakers, Transcripcion, Thesauro, tematic indexation, etc...
How is funding the development of Dédalo?
At first Dédalo developed in a closed code model (copyrigth) and it was assumed all development within the company Render.
With the shift to a format of open source, and the creation of a platform which supports the continuation of development, Dédalo depends on subsidies, sponsors or donations from organizations, museums and individuals.
If you want to finance development, send an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
You can also collaborate with the project by assisting in the documentation, translation and dissemination, send an e-mail to: email@example.com
Why help and fund the development of Dédalo?
Dédalo, as a platform of open source, do not have a profit, the future development of Dédalo depends on external financial support.
A software platform will have a continuous development. Changing operating systems, browsers, technology .... and evidently a lively platform can not stop the development.
Because Dédalo democratizes access Intangible Heritage / Oral History.
An extended platform will unify the criteria for documentation and dissemination to facilitate the collaboration of institutions, museums and individuals.
An open source development will implement non-commercial options for minority and disadvantaged groups.
Because I can participate in the focus of future versions.
Because if Dédalo is develops my project can grow.
Because I will make a good to society.
Moreover, and fundamentally Intangible Heritage management or Oral History raises a variety of challenges. One was the efficient management of audiovisual material, this development is already implemented in Dédalo, but we not finish here, the next version could automatically adapt the content to people with disabilities, or enhance the transcription to get a first automatic version, or could make a hermeneutical analysis, syntactic, or subjective texts. The field opens up before us has infinite possibilities, and indeed we look forward to bringing these technologies to work.
Sincerely, if the development of Dédalo continues, we believe that ALL win.
Who participates in development of Dédalo?
Dédalo was born at the confluence of the Render company with the Museu Valencià d'Etnologia.
In 1998, the Museu Valencià d'Etnologia started the research project of the oral memory Valenciana driven by Enrique Perez Cañamares, who at that time was its director.
At that time there was no software to efficiently manage and Intangible Heritage Museu Valencià d'Ethnology contacted Juan Francisco Onielfa and Alejandro Pena, the firm Render, to work with the technological development of the project.
Since then Render has focused its resources and technologies to the needs required for the management of such heritage.
Render communication, convinced of the importance of the democratization of knowledge, free culture and the benefits arising from the choice of free software, we decided to release the development of Dédalo to become an open platform and open source.
Today the Museu Valencià d'Ethnology uses Dédalo system daily as a work tool and an essential part of the Valencian Oral Memory Project -Museu de la Paraula.
In 2010, was implemented Dédalo in the Democratic Memorial of the Generalitat de Catalunya, this is a public institution which aims to recovery, commemoration and promotion of democratic memory during the period between 1931 i 1980. It is the first institution of its kind in the Spanish State.
From this approach, Render, the Museu Valencià d'Etnologia, and the Memorial Democràtic will continue supporting the development of Dédalo and invite any entity, museum or private, to join, and continue to participate in the project.
When will it be available?
The actual versión of Dédalo is: v 2.0.x. Accessible to the world in:
Today we are extending the platform translations into several languages (currently the Euskera and Arabic) and that the whole development project was conducted in Catalan.
The official languages in which Dédalo is currently available are: Catalan, Spanish, English.
If you want to collaborate in the translation contact:
What are the main novelties of the system or input Dédalo compared to other management programs Intangible Heritage / Oral History?
1 - It is Open code.
2 - Manage audio-visual materials efficiently. Dédalo was able to find a piece of 30 "related to a subject in an interview of 90 minutes and serve immediately.
3 - Manage the content in a nondestructive way. We are human and make mistakes. Dédalo retains the changes made within the data and prevents accidental destruction.
4 - The transcript does not need mechanical elements and is designed for and by the transcriber. 5 - Dédalo preserves data integrity and the work done.
An interview transcribed and indexed, which is to be reviewed for spelling, paragraph breaks, bold, italics....
The changes in the transcript do not destroy the fragments in the index.
6 - Dédalo is independent of the language in which you work.
example: I have a thesaurus done in Spanish, and interviews I have indexed, the translation of the thesaurus to Catalan, Euskera, French, English... does not change the indexing and not is necessary to re-index in each language.
7 - Dédalo is independent of the graphical interface. Dédalo includes the interface of work (research, transcription, indexing,...) allowing the user to create its public face that is totally customizable without restrictions.
8 - It is fully scalable, Dédalo can serve text, audio and video, together or separately.
9 - The entire structure is based on the work of safeguard and research of the Intangible Cultural Heritage / Oral History.
10 - Dédalo is multiuser, each person within the system has some level of access privileges completely customizable.
We can assign a user to one project to transcribe interviews, and another user, the index of the same interviews. The user that make the index, will not see that part of the transcript and the user that transcript will not see the index.